10 landmark decisions that changed India


By CNBCTV18.com IST (Released)


Over the past eight years, the government under the leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi has taken several historic decisions that have transformed India, including the demonetization of Indian currencies and the launch of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan. As Modi turns 72 on September 17, here’s a look at his 10 big decisions.

Narendra Modi was first sworn in as Prime Minister of India on May 26, 2014, after the Bhartiya Janata party-led National Democratic Alliance won a mandate in the 2014 general election. He was re-elected for a second term in 2019. Over the past eight years, the government under Prime Minister Modi has taken several historic decisions that have transformed India. These included Demonetization and the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.

As he turns 72 on September 17, here’s a look at his top 10 decisions.

To the surprise of the nation, the Prime Minister announced the withdrawal of Rs 500 and Rs 1,000 banknotes on November 8, 2016, from public use, creating a huge stir in the country. Modi had defined three main objectives for this sudden decision: to fight against black money, to fight against corruption and to contain the financing of terrorism. Some political pundits say the decision didn’t have the impact it was meant to have.

The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan or Clean India Mission was one of the most important government campaigns under Modi. Launched on Gandhi Jayanti on October 2, 2014, the campaign aimed to eliminate open defecation and improve the solid waste management system.

After being in the works for 17 years, the Goods and Services Tax (GST) went into effect on July 1, 2017. The indirect tax reform replaced the multiple taxes levied by the Center and the states. States were assured of compensation for loss of revenue due to the implementation of the GST under the provisions of the GST (States Compensation) Act 2017 for five years.

On August 1, 2019, the government passed the Triple Talaq Bill despite resistance from the opposition. The ruling brought huge relief to Muslim women who were forced to end a relationship by their husbands by saying the talaq three times.

Repeal of section 370

The government struck down Articles 370 and 35(A) of the Indian Constitution on August 5, 2019, which gave Jammu and Kashmir its special status and the mandate to define its rules of domicile. The government followed it with the bifurcation of the old state into two union territories. According to Modi, there has been unprecedented peace and progress in the region since this historic decision. However, many political parties opposed the decision and a number of leaders were placed under house arrest. The internet had been down for months in both union territories.

On September 18, 2016, 19 Indian Army soldiers were killed in a sudden attack by Pakistan-based terrorists on a military base at Uri in Kashmir. Following the attack, the Indian government ordered a surgical strike to be carried out in Pakistani-occupied Kashmir (PoK). Over 40 terrorists were killed in the surgical attack and all terrorist launch pads were destroyed.

In another major terrorist attack against the Indian Army in 2019, terrorists killed 40 CRPF jawans in Pulwama. This time, the Indian Air Force carried out an airstrike in Balakot, Pakistan-occupied Kashmir on February 26, and bombed terrorist launch pads there. However, Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman crash-landed at PoK and was taken prisoner by Pakistani forces. He was later released by Pakistan.

The government announced the merger of 10 public banks on April 1, 2020 to form four major banks. The purpose of this decision was to alleviate the rise in non-performing assets (NPA) and better banking facilities for consumers. The merged banks included United Bank, Oriental Bank of Commerce, Allahabad Bank, Syndicate Bank, Corporation Bank and Andhra Bank.

The government implemented the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) on January 10, 2020. This decision sought to change the definition of illegal immigrant for Sikh, Hindu, Buddhist, Parsi and Christian immigrants from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh , who lived in India without papers. There have been numerous protests across the country against the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA).

Relief for the telecom sector

In a big boost for the cash-strapped telecommunications sector, the government has approved a massive relief package for service providers in 2021, including a four-year moratorium on payment of statutory dues and allowing 100% foreign direct investment through the automatic route.


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